Leather is extremely durable and comfortable. Apart from long time lasting, leather usually keeps it quality in time as well. Leather is a dry abrasion resistant and also resistant to fire. And it is partly waterproof. Leather is also resistant to fungal attacks and dust mites.
Goat Leather is a very soft, strong, and durable leather. It is used often in the production of shoes, boots, gloves, rugs, and bags.
Sheep Leather, also called sheep skin, is popular because it often has one side as leather and the other covered in wool. the wool naturally draws perspiration away from the wearer. This makes it an ideal leather for use in year-round seat upholstery, shoes, slippers, boots, and moccasins.
Cow Leather is a thick, soft leather that works well for most common leather needs.
Horse Leather is most commonly associated with the premium “cordovan” leather. It is made from the butt section of horses. Cordovan leather is very thick, smooth, and dense. It works excellently for fine shoes and gloves.
Aniline Leather is a type of leather dyed only with soluble dyes. They allow the natural surface of the leather to show through (blemishes, cuts, etc.). Generally only higher quality leathers are used since they have nice, even surfaces.
Faux Leather is a type of synthetic leather made generally of polyurethane or vinyl. Faux leather is intended to look like real leather yet cost significantly less. It is used often in the furniture industry and has the benefits of being inexpensive (compared to real leather), durable, and easy to clean.
Napa is type of leather this is more a general marketing term for a soft, smooth, full grain leather. Some napa comes from genuine leather and isn’t the highest of quality; the term itself isn’t a clear identifier of quality or material.
Nubuck is a type of leather that is a top-grain leather that has has the surface sanded in such a way as to leave the surface with a slight nap of short protein fibers. This produces a soft, velvet-like surface that is pleasing to touch, and also has a unique visual appearance.
Suede is made from the underside of the skin, primarily from lamb, although goat, calf and deer are commonly used. Splits from thick hides of cow and deer are also sueded, but, due to the fiber content, have a shaggy nap. Because suede does not include the tough exterior skin layer, suede is less durable but softer than standard ("full-grain") leather.
Split Leather is the bottom part of the leather after being split. It's sometimes called suede and has a nappy appearance. It's more commonly found in work gloves.
Full grain leather is the highest quality grade of leather money can buy. It comes from the top layer of the hide and includes all of the natural grain. ... On the other hand, top grain leather is the second highest grade of leather and has the outermost layer of the hide removed.